Mount Alexander Shire is home to a beautiful and diverse natural environment that spans uplands, goldfields, and volcanic and riverine plains. Notable natural features include mount Alexander and Tarrengower, and rivers Loddon and Coliban.
While the Shire retains a relatively high level of vegetation cover, much of the natural environment bears marks from past human activity most significantly from the Goldrush era. The Shire community is very active in restoring the condition of the natural environment, and in improving its extent and connectivity.
The Shire community is also very active and inclusive in pursuing the transition to a more sustainable built environment. Renewable energy is a focus area, as is responding to climate change.